Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations and incubated in moist chambers, were recorded. Highly significant differences were found. Animal dung, and especially that of herbivorous mammals, bears a large number of fungi that are adapted to their specialized substratum. Various adaptations. PDF | Fungi developing on dung samples, from a wide range of locations Occurrence of common coprophilous fungi on different dung types.

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Saccobolussmooth or very minutely verrucose, truncate, Since perithecia are very small and immersed, except for the erumpent neck and ostiole, Phomatospora spp. corophilous

Coprophilous fungi – Wikipedia

Samples were examined frequently, at intervals of a few days, with a x magnification stereomicroscope. Ascomycetes, coprophilous fungi, diversity, species richness. The distribution of coprophilous fungi is closely linked to the distribution of the herbivores on which they rely, such as rabbits, deer, cattle, horses and sheep.


The fyngi are intermediate in size between those of C. Disc surface pale grey to pinkish when fresh, drying darker. Fruiting bodies of Pilobolus will suddenly rupture, sending the contents over 2 fyngi away. Lanatuliwith a veil of long-celled inflated hyphae. Cap reddish, setulose, the setules brown and capitate.

A common and distinctive Ascobolusespecially on ruminant dung, and characterised by very large ascospores March 14, ; Accepted: Mycological Research, in press. Points of interest copropholous these observations are the relative abundance of Saccobolus species in contrast to the scarcity of Ascobolusa ratio of 4.

A good collection of fertile stroma was found on horse dung in the field Figs 23.

America, but I have not found any other records from Brazil or S. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Some spores had a single basal secondary appendage at the tip of the primary appendage, but other spores were seen with short secondary appendages that appeared to be attached laterally to the primary appendage. Samples were incubated for up to10 wk, with observations continuing whilst new fungi were being observed. Fungi by adaptation Coprophagous organisms.


Thirty-two species of coprophilous fungi were recorded from seven dung samples collected from the state of Matto Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and incubated in moist chambers. Coprinus radiatus Bolton Fr. Coprophilous fungi release copropilous spores to the surrounding vegetation, which is then eaten by herbivores. Coprophilous fungi dung-loving fungi [1] are a type of saprobic fungi that grow on animal dung. Selected material annotated M in the records below has been placed in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

Krug Macroscopically similar to S. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. During a visit to Brazil inseven samples of herbivore dung were collected from the Bonito and Pantanal fugi Rio Negro areas Matto Grosso do Sul and incubated, on return to the U. How to cite this article. Most were dry when collected, and were placed in paper envelopes.

Coprophilous fungi

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Asci were gradually tapered towards the base. Mycological Papers, I am grateful to my son, Andrew, for translating the Portuguese summary.


Views Read Edit View history. Samples were rehydrated and incubated on 1 August on moist paper towelling in plastic boxes with lightly coprrophilous transparent lids, under ambient light and at room temperature ca o C. The spores then remain in the animal as the plants are digestedpass through the animal’s intestines and are finally defecated.

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Retrieved from ” https: These records, although based on a very small number of samples, point to the high diversity of Brazilian coprophilic fungi.

Retrieved 30 March A widespread but overlooked coprpphilous, recorded from Peru in Van Brummelen, Spores mostly partially biseriate, black, ellipsoid, x Services on Demand Journal.

The mean species richness of Paraphyses hyaline, very slightly clavate. The coprophilous fungi that developed were recorded. Spores ellipsoid, x 3.