Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah. Fantastic Four – Remembering The Khulafa e Rashideen. 07 October , By: Sayed Ridhwaan Mohamed CTIEC – Cape Town Islamic Educational.
|Published (Last):||2 February 2004|
|PDF File Size:||15.82 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.26 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Abu Bakr planned his strategy accordingly. The first Islamic invasion of the Sasanian Empire launched by Caliph Abu Bakr in was a swift conquest in the time span of only four months led by general Khalid ibn Walid.
This time it was by Mu’awiyakinsman of Uthman and raxhideen of the province of Syria.
Other officers at the provincial level were:. Sunnis also equate this system with the worldly success that was promised by Allah, in the Quran and hadithto those Muslims who pursued His pleasure; this spectacular success has further added to the emulatory appeal of the Rashidun era. Quran Sunnah Khulaga Tafsir Seerah.
Taqiuddin al-Nabhaniwrites that Shura is important and part of “the ruling structure” of the Islamic caliphate, “but not one of its pillars,” and may be neglected without the Caliphate’s rule becoming unislamic. In his testament Umar had instructed his successor not to make any change in the administrative set up for one year after his death. It is well known during a time of mhulafa in the Rashidun caliphate period, capital punishments were suspended until the effects of the drought passed.
Abu Dawud Also of note, one of the praiseworthy names of the righteous khalifah ‘Umar ibn Abdil Azeez, the grandson of ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab, is “the fifth righteous khalifah. In some districts there were separate military officers, though the governor was in most cases the commander-in-chief of the army quartered in the province. Whatever revenues or other amounts were received were distributed immediately. Fred Donnerin his book The Early Islamic Conquestsargues that the standard Arabian practice during the early Caliphates was for the prominent men of a kinship group, or tribe, to gather after a leader’s death and elect a leader from amongst themselves, although there was no specified procedure for this shuraor consultative assembly.
The Life of Muhammad. The Battle of Chains – Chapter Military cantonments were constructed at strategic points. Many canals were purchased, and new ones constructed. This terminology came into a general use around the world, since Sunni Islam has been khhlafa dominant Islamic tradition, and for a long time it has been considered the most authoritative source of information about Islam khulafw the Western world.
By the mid-7th Century, the Arabs controlled all of Mesopotamia, including the area that is now the Iranian province of Khuzestan. Yes, the fifth one is included — his khilafah was six months.
What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange
The caliphate became a hereditary office or the prize of the strongest general after the Rashidun caliphate. Rashideej this award Umar’s son Abdullah ibn Umar got an allowance of dirhams.
Com December 1, The Muslims welcomed the peace and consolidated their control over the conquered territory. On the other hand, Usama ibn Zaid got As Umar became caliph, he relieved Khalid of command of the Islamic armies and appointed Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah as the new commander.
After meeting the local expenditure the provincial treasuries were required to remit the surplus amount to the central treasury at Medina. Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. History of Islam in southern Italy.
At the time of appointment an instrument of instructions was issued with a view to regulating the conduct of Governors. Shi’te Muslims support this claim with ahadith like those of Ghadir Khumm Arabic: We are pleased with, and we submit to, Allah’s decree.
Hasan was assassinated, and Mu’awiya gained control of the Caliphate and founded the Umayyad Caliphatemarking the end of the Rashidun Caliphate. And in this regard, you have treated relatives and strangers equally. The conquest of Syria slowed down under him while Abu Ubaida relied heavily on the advice of Khalid, and kept him beside him as much as possible.
According to the Islamic jurist Al-Ghazali Algazel, —the government was also expected to stockpile food supplies in every region in case a disaster or famine occurred. Abdullah bin Arqam was appointed as the Treasury Officer. The Majlis al-Shura advise the caliph. In the final scale of allowance that was approved by Umar the main provisions were: