The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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Frontiers | Prevalence of the Catatonic Syndrome in an Acute Inpatient Sample | Psychiatry

Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Neurol und Psychiatr Cambridge University Press; Gazdag G, Sienaert P. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Lohr J, Wisniewski A. A home of its own.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

Catatonic signs must be elicited by examination but are usually not observed nor detected by a routine clinical interview. Suggest a Research Topic.

A review of the international literature. Eur Psychiatry The authors thank the study participants, without whom the study would never have been accomplished. Of note, the DSM-5 criteria for catatonia appear to be even more strict than those of its predecessor, wcale if all 12 items, which were clustered in five categories in the DSM-IV can now be scored separately.


Cambridge University prEss Moreover, the sample size was rather small, especially in some subgroups. Younger age group patients were mainly responded to lorazepam only, whereas older age group patients responded to both ECT and lorazepam. An unifying pathogenesis of catatonia that explains all motor, vegetative, and behavioral symptoms remains elusive. However, again, different criteria for catatonia were used in these studies. No differences between the psychosis group and the combined mood disorder group could be seen.

In addition, differences in fgancis presentation of catatonia depending on the underlying psychiatric illness were investigated. Developments, reliability and use.

Antidepressants were administered to This is mainly due to the fact that now three instead of two items have to be present. This study has came out with very important insights in the age of incidence, phenomenology, clinical profile, source of referral, diagnostic break up and treatment response with lorazepam and ECT in catatonic patients following mental disorder. Deister A, Marneros A. Catatonic signs are often regarded as attention-seeking behavior.


A hospital based descriptive study. Frequency, clinical presentation, and response to lorazepam. Am J Geriatr Pyschiatry.

The PANSS is a widely used medical scale for measuring symptom severity of patients with schizophrenia. A total of 34 patients were included in the study who reported at outdoor department of Mental Health Institute with catatonic symptoms. The BFCRS was tested on a sample of 28 acutely ill patients presenting with catatonic syndrome from an acute psychiatric inpatient clinic and a university hospital. How to cite this URL: The SAS is used to measure extrapyramidal symptoms.

Literatures regarding clinical symptomatology and treatment response of catatonia are very few. Wilson, Niu, Nicolson, Levine and Heckers also found it to have low reliability at the catatoniq severity level but good reliability at the moderate to severe level. Iran J Psychiatry 6: Catatonia and its treatment. Retrospective chart review of catatonia in child and adolescent psychiatric patients.

The Detection and Measurement of Catatonia

The terminology used in the diagnostic criteria for catatonic bueh has been a concern and may include 5 to 57 signs. Rating scales for assessing catatonia; which ones are the best? As a result, an unclear clinical concept of catatonia exists with the use of different diagnostical criteria and different rating scales to score catatonic symptomatology.


It measures the severity of 23 catatonic signs. Conclusion Catatonia is a movement disorder as well as a neuropsychiatric syndrome; thus, a catatonia rating scale is akin to a sscale disorder examination. A rare complication in psychiatric setting. Kontaxakis and colleagues found this subscale to intercorrelate with the Hamilton Depression subscale