BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. L’estetica (Aesthetica) [Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Aesthetica. by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Publication date Usage Public Domain Mark Topics bub_upload. Publisher Kleyb.

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Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Wikipedia

Explore the Home Gift Guide. Thus the experience of beauty becomes the sensation or sentiment Empfindung caused by the perfection of the object, rather than a clear but indistinct cognition of that perfection.

Winckelmann then makes the specific point that freedom baumgaren excessive clothing among the Greeks, particularly in their gymnastic and athletic exercises, gave their artists unparalleled opportunity to observe and to learn to represent the beauty of their bodies:. In all of this vast output, the only thing that might look like a work specifically in aesthetics is a treatise on architecture included in his encyclopedia of mathematics.

Aesthetica | work by Baumgarten |

The central tenets of his metaphysics and psychology are that the human mind is essentially representational, so that desire and will as well as cognition are forms of representation, and that the baumyarten source of all of our pleasurable sentiments is the aesthstica activity of our capacity for representation.

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Here Baumgarten is importing the traditional rhetorical concepts of inventiodispositio and elocutio into his system, and conceiving of the latter two, the harmony of the thoughts and the harmony of the expression with the thoughts, as aesthftica dimensions in which the potentials for pleasure within our distinctively sensible manner of representing and thinking are realized. The manner of writing is, especially in tragedy, noble and sublime, and it has rather a superfluity than a lack of instructive sayings.

Herder did, however, restate its most important ideas in Sculpture: Here beautiful nakedness appeared with such a liveliness of expression, such truth and variety of situations, such a noble air of the body, as it would be ridiculous to look for in any hired model of our academies.


Paul Guyer – – Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 1: Sulzer also develops a complex theory of the value of fine art. Instead, the innovation comes at the beginning of the first chapter of the work, when Baumgarten writes that.

The version of this statue that was unearthed near Naples in and quickly acquired by Pope Julius II for the Vatican, where it has been displayed ever since, is now thought to be a Roman copy of a Pergamese bronze from the second century BCE, and may or may not be the same one described by Pliny Natural HistoryXXXV.

Every concept, in so far as it is merely thinkable, has something that pleases the soul, that occupies its activity, and is thus cognized by it with satisfaction and approval…. It became central to the aesthetic theories of Kant and Schiller in the Critique of the Power of Judgment and the Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Mankind baumgartten Wolff certainly does not have the idea of the fine arts as a domain of human production and response that differs in some essential way from all other forms of human production and response, thus he does not have the idea of aesthetics as a discipline that will focus on what distinguishes the fine arts and our response to them from everything else.

Precisely because the art of Sophocles and the art of Shakespeare rest on the same underlying principle it is possible for people at any time to come to appreciate them both, although no doubt with the considerable effort it would take to appreciate fully their language, their customs, in short, their worlds. However, although he eventually held the professorship in logic and metaphysics in Leipzig, Gottsched was also the professor of poetry, and by far the greatest part bamugarten his boundless energy was devoted to literature and philology.

A poet is a skilled imitator of all natural things; and this he has in common with painters, connoisseurs of music, etc. This is all the more true of the essence of sculpture, beautiful form and beautiful shape, for this is not a matter of color, or of the play of proportion and symmetry, or of light and shadow, but of physically present, tangible truth ….

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To be sure, he often emphasizes the latter aspect of the value of art more baumgarteb the former; for example, he writes. As we have seen, Wolff equates perfection, which is the object of pleasure in all contexts including those subsequently labeled aesthetic, with an objective sense of truth.

Influences LeibnizWolff. Baumgartn his emphasis on the moral potential of the heightened sensitivity Empfindlichkeit that can be developed through aesthetic education may have been an important source for Schiller, he would not have gone as far as the latter does in his Letters on Aesthetic Education in suggesting that baukgarten education is both a necessary and sufficient condition for moral regeneration.

Consequently I have an understanding, for insight into the connections of things, that is, reason ratio ; and a faculty for indistinct insight into the connections of things, which consists of the following: Herder is thus no straightforward historicist or cultural relativist.

Vorreden zur Metaphysikp. After expounding the formal principles that are the basis of all truth, the principles of non-contradiction and sufficient reason, Wolff introduces the concept that is the substantive basis of his ontology, namely the concept of perfection.

Mendelssohn’s explicit thesis is that while the parts of an object must be distinct enough to allow one to have a sense of their variety but dense enough to allow one to grasp them together with equilibrium and proportion, it is the latter that is the source of our pleasure.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

From tohe taught school in Riga, and then left for a tour of France and Western Germany, during which he met the young Johann Wolfgang baumgartem Goethe, shortly to become famous for The Sorrows of Young Werther. The Gymnasies, where, sheltered by public modesty, the youths exercised themselves naked, were the schools of art….

With his connection of the pleasure in experiencing emotions to the pleasure of experiencing mental activity as such he brought Wolffian aesthetics a step closer to contemporary British aesthetics. It would become a central theme of German Enlightenment aesthetics that even if people know the general truths of morality aestyetica some abstract way, the arts can make those truths concrete, alive, and effective for them in a way that nothing else can.



This illustrates his general conception of the force of rules of taste: Mendelssohn explicitly recognizes the physical skills as well as the mental powers of the artist baumgsrten among the perfections that we indirectly admire in admiring the work of art; this is another aestthetica of his recognition of the close connection between mind and body in spite of their metaphysical distinction.

There he says that. Having published the textbooks for his metaphysics and ethics classes which Kant would still use decades laterBaumgarten then returned to aesthetics, and began working on a major treatise in Belonging here are all the perfections of external forms, that is, the lines, surfaces, and bodies and their movements and changes; the harmony of the multiple sounds and colors; the order in the parts of a whole, their similarity, variety, and harmony; their transposition and transformation into other forms; all the capabilities of our soul, all the baaumgarten of our body.

aestetica The same is true for two professional philosophers of the time who also worked within aestyetica Wolffian framework but took at least one step towards an aesthetic theory that could subsequently give the play of the mental powers equal importance with the sensible representation of truth by treating the aesthetic qualities of representations as parallel to rather than identical with their purely cognitive qualities.

KantMeierSulzerWinckelmann. Aesthetics and Civil Society: