A perianal abscess is a type of anorectal abscess that is confined to the perianal space. Other causes can include inflammatory bowel diseases. An anorectal abscess originates from an infection arising in the cryptoglandular epithelium lining the anal canal. The internal anal sphincter is. Anorectal abscess is an abscess adjacent to the anus. It arises from an infection at one of the anal sinuses which leads to inflammation and abscess formation.

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Review [Acute periproctal abscesses]. Gastrointestinal tract disorders Animal bacterial diseases.

Abscess, Perianal – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf

A physical exam can typically rule out other causes of anal pain, such perixnal hemorrhoids, and will yield an area of fluctuance or an area of erythema and induration in the skin around the perianal area.

A cruciate incision is made as close to the anal verge as possible to shorten any potential fistula formation. Introduction Perianal abscesses are the most common type of anorectal abscesses. On presentation, patients will most commonly complain of severe pain in the anal area.

Healthwise Staff Medical Review: Abscess, Perianal – StatPearls. Patients with recurrent or complex abscesses should be evaluated for Crohn disease. Retrieved from ” https: This care sheet gives you a general idea about how long it will take for you to recover. For follow-up purposes, absew should be noted whether the patient has diabetes, and their average blood sugar on routine fingerstick should also be noted. Questions To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here.


The pain may be dull, aching, or throbbing. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse abes line if you are having problems. D ICD – Clear Turn Off Turn On. Take your medicine after meals unless your doctor has told you not to. You have pain that does not get better after you take pain medicine.

Cellulitis should be noted and marked if extending beyond the fluctuant area. This page was last edited on 16 Septemberat Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety.

It is best to eat many small meals throughout the day. It will probably take about 2 to 3 weeks for your abscess to completely heal.

Infection of these glands if not adequately draining will form an abscess which can spread along several planes along the perianal or perirectal spaces. Once the abscess has been drained, attempts may be made to eradicate the fistula and control Crohn disease.

If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Rest when you feel tired.

Anorectal abscess

Epidemiology The prevalence of perianal abscesses and anorectal abscesses, in general, are underestimated, since most patients do not seek medical attention, or are dismissed as symptomatic hemorrhoids. Generally, a portion of the exudate is sent for microbiological analysis to determine the type of perianql bacteria.


Place a maxi pad or gauze in your underwear to absorb drainage from your abscess while it heals. These abscesses are typically drained through an incision and drainage posterior to the anus.

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Anorectal Abscess Surgery: What to Expect at Home

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. This can make bowel movements easier after surgery. Pat your anal area dry with a towel when you are done. Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if: A physical exam is typically the only requirement for diagnosis. Start periznal walking a little more than you did the day before.

Pathophysiology On presentation, patients will most commonly complain of severe pain in the anal area. Call anytime you think you may need emergency care. You cannot pass stools or gas. If fistula in ano is detected, patients will need operative drainage, fistulotomy or seton placement, which may have a risk of incontinence.

Increased pain, swelling, warmth, or redness. Try to walk each day. After a bowel movement, use a baby wipe or take a ;erianal or sitz bath to gently clean the anal area. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin. It is worst when the person sits down and right before a bowel movement.


Most of the pain that was caused by your abscess will probably go away right after surgery. Follow the steps below to get better as quickly as possible. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Another method of recovery involves the use of surgical packing, which is initially inserted by the surgical team, with redressing generally performed by hospital staff or a District Nurse however, following the results of several double-blind studies, the effectiveness of surgical packing has come into question.

Other signs and symptoms of anorectal abscess include constipationdrainage from the rectum, fever and chills, or a palpable mass near the anus. Take pain medicines exactly as directed. The prevalence of perianal abscesses and anorectal abscesses, in general, are underestimated, since most patients do not seek medical attention, or are dismissed as symptomatic hemorrhoids. Once lerianal and drainage are performed, there is no need for antibiotic administration unless certain medical issues necessitate the use.

Definitive treatment for perianal complications of Crohn disease is very challenging and rarely lead to complete healing.